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Essay Question Southerners maintained that secession was the ultimate expression of democracy while Lincoln claimed it was rejection of democracy How did they explain and justify their principles On December 20 1860 the Confederacy was born when South Carolina seceded from the federal Union The Union and the Confederacy severely clashed in their views on the Constitution the South felt that individual states should have the right to nullify laws while Abraham Lincoln believed the federal government should appoint representatives for individual states The South and Abraham Lincoln contrasted sharply on the idea of secession because the Constitution was ambiguous regarding statess rights Immediately following the election of Lincoln the southern secessionists wanted to separate from the Union Southerners feared that the Republican victory in 1860 would interfere in their domestic concernsparticularly their right to property and slaves as guaranteed by the fifth amendment of the Bill of Rights Jones 24 As a result the state of South Carolina held a convention and voted to secede from the Union Following South Carolinas lead Florida Georgia Alabama Mississippi Louisiana and Texas also seceded Their growing minority status had left them vulnerable to northern oppression their right to withdraw from the governing pact remained a fundamental precept of the Declaration of Independence 24 Representatives from each state convened on February 1860 to create the Confederate States of America Although this document was roughly based on the Constitution it assigned limits on the governments power to impose tariffs and restrictions on slavery The southerners felt that they needed to create a new constitution because the preamble to the Constitution does not propose to make the old Union more perfect but to form a more perfect Union that is to create a new and better one 6 At the convention the southerners declared that they are and of right ought to be free and independent states Stampp 5 Southern
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