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Word Count: 860
The subject of modern international relations which is quite broad is approached from many different perspectives Arguably this makes it imperative to understand the history of the subject in order to understand the present In The Philosophy of International Relations F Parkinson introduces his first chapter by claiming that the remainder of it will be devoted to the evolutionary trends of thought in international relations however he ignored all other trends and only focused on one specific ideology Stoicism This ideology which was conceived by the ancient Greeks out of a need to define their values was integral in developing the Western worlds general perspective of international relations It appears that Stoicism is the key evolutionary trend that Parkinson quite vaguely alludes to in his introduction Stoicism as an ideology not only incited evolutionary trends in international relations it also underwent many evolutions itself Once the author approaches the topic of Christian Stoicism it appears to the undiscerning eye that the thesis has abruptly switched from the evolution of Stoicism to the evolution of Christianity Upon closer inspection however it becomes clearer that when embraced by the Christians the philosophical structure of Stoicism had made a transition into the religion Christianity Stoicism did not make the transition from philosophical structure to religion naturally Instead it was embraced by esteemed Christians such as St Augustine who manipulated the already-popular principles of Stoicism in order to satisfy Christianitys desire for power By dividing Stoicism into two separate codes natural law and divine law St Augustine brought an irreversible evolution to the existence of the ideology St Augustine felt that by doing so he could rescue the principle of universality 15 by equating world law with an ideal world of divine character Although ill-conceived it appears that there may have been some noble intent behind St Augustines manipulation of Stoicism Christianity was not the only civilization that used Stoic ideas to increase strength and power the
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