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Under the guidance of Bismarck the Prussian chancellor the unification of a Kleindeutsch small Germany took place in 1871 after Prussia defeated France There is often historical debate over who was responsible for the unification of Germany Controversy is caused amongst those who believe that Bismarck was fully responsible for German unification and those who believe other factors played an equally or even more important part The historian Pflanze is an example of someone who considers Bismarck to be solely responsible as opposed to Bohme who gives full credit to economic factors in unifying Germany However there is also a middle view supported by historians such as Medlicott who argue that Bismarck and other relevant factors caused unification The aim of this essay is to firstly examine the importance of Bismarck in the unification of Germany and then to look at other factors which played a part to eventually reach a balanced conclusion The strong and determined leadership displayed by Bismarck played a very important part in uniting the German states An example of this is when Bismarck illegally raised money for army reforms boldly ignoring the opposition of the Prussian parliament who refused to vote the sum of money needed In a speech to the parliament in 1863 he claimed that Whoever has the power in hand goes ahead with his views Despite the outrage of the Prussian parliament at his arrogance Bismarck was able to collect enough money to enable him to build up the army which was essential in helping Germany to become united Bismarcks forceful approach was also essential in unifying Germany After the failure of the Frankfurt Parliament in 1848 he believed that idealism and talking were not going to result in the unification of Germany and that force had to be used Bismarck stated that The great questions of the day are not decided by speeches and resolutions of majorities - that was the mistake of 1848 and
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