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THE ARMED CONFLICT IN ANGOLA AND THE INVOLVEMENT OF THE INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY IN IT The civil war in Angola which has raged for over three decades has been labelled as the longest and most miserablein Africa Goldman 1999 1 The involvement and consequences for the international community have and continue to be vast This essay will concern itself with the history of the civil war which has ravaged the potentially richest country in Africa Following this a critical synopsis of the current situation investigating the standpoints of both internal belligerents as well as the views of international actors is delivered In conclusion a prediction of the fate of Angola in the coming six months is offered The civil war in Angola began in 1961 Despite extensive through more than thirty years it remains one of the most misunderstood of the post-colonial conflicts in Africa The war has been labelled anti-imperial revolutionary a proxy cold war and a war between elites over natural resources however the true roots of this climacteric lie in ethnic tensions steeped in history Goldman 1999 1 In 1956 the Movimento libertacao de Angola Movement for the Liberation of Angola MPLA was founded as a liberation movement to end three centuries of Portuguese colonialism and in 1961 the armed struggle began In 1962 a United States backed Frente Nacional para leibertacao de Angola National Front for the Liberation of Angola FNLA was founded with similar objectives and the anti-colonial war proceeded Then in 1966 the charismatic Jonas Savimbi emerged on the stage of the liberation war He criticised the MPLA for being dominated by the mixed race intellectuals from the coastal cities Goldman 1999 2 and FNLA by Northerners In response he launched the National Union for the Total Independence of Angola UNITA to take up arms against the Portuguese as well as the two established liberation movements - the anti-colonial war had become a civil war
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