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Word Count: 1,279
The Bastille became the focus of the opening of the French Revolution Why The Bastille had been transformed from being used as a military fortress to protect the Eastern wall of Paris in the 14th Century to its less imposing role as a prison by the 17th Century The walls were over eighty feet high and it held weapons arsenals from its glory days as a military fortress Acting under King Louis XIII Cardinal Richelieu imprisoned many undesirable characters arbitrarily so that the Bastilles reputation became notorious for the secretive and capricious way that citizens could be taken away by demand of the King called lettres de Cachet with no trial and for as long as the State wanted By the time King Louis XV1 was in power the Bastille no longer housed commoners but generally held only two classes of people writers whose work was considered treasonous and delinquents whose families requested they be put away the infamous Marquis de Sade was one such prisoner The conditions of the prison depended upon the wealth of the prisoner- many secured privileges such as writing materials visitors extra pillows tobacco and alcohol - though the reputation of the Bastille still remained as a dark and vermin- ridden place where the King hid away his opponents Books circulated in the 1780s- Linguets Memoirs of the Bastille for example - that cemented the Bastille as a perfect example of why people should be in opposition to state power it was a secretive process of incarceration it was given special power over the life and death of its inhabitants and it was careless with its power The conditions of the Bastille were exaggerated and condemned by the writers of the day partially because incarceration is a terrible and mentally traumatizing experience and partly because of simple tabloid mentality as the Abbe Morellet wrote those six months in the Bastille
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