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The Bay of Pigs attempted Invasion was a United States-planned and funded attempted invasion by armed Cuban exiles in southwest Cuba in an attempt to overthrow the government of Fidel Castro in 1961 and marked the climax of anti-Cuban US actions US-Cuban tensions had grown since Castro had overthrown the regime of General Fulgencio Batista on January 1 1959 The Eisenhower and Kennedy administrations had made the judgment that Castros shift toward the Communist Party could not be tolerated and moved to overthrow him This process of thought and action was characteristic of all presidents in the post-WWII anti-communist era up until the early 1990s However the invasion attempt failed miserably and proved to be a major international embarrassment for the Kennedy administration The resulting fiasco has been studied as an ideal case of groupthink decision making Others especially Cuban Americans view this matter as policy decision by the Kennedy administration to rid itself of bothersome Cuban exiles However this event had prolonged electoral consequences resulting in the election of a number of Cuban-Americans to the US Congress and established electoral conditions that favor the Republican PartyDuring debates in the United Nations Security Council a Cuban attempt to condemn the US invasion failed due to a US veto Gunboat diplomacy or direct military intervention by the US to overthrow the Cuban government would cause international protests against interference with interior matters of foreign states common in the atmosphere of the Cold War A failure to justify a direct US involvement on the basis of international law risked provoking a geopolitical retaliation by the Soviet Union especially in the Third World On February 17 1961 Kennedy asked his advisors whether the toppling of Castro might be related to weapon shipments and if it was possible to claim the real target were modern air fighters and rockets which endangered Americas security However at the time Cuba possessed Soviet tanks artillery and infantry weapons its airforce consisted of
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