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The term animism is derived from the Latin word anima meaning breath or soul The belief of animism is probably one of mans oldest beliefs with its origin most likely dating to the Paleolithic age From its earliest beginnings it was a belief that a soul or spirit existed in every object even if it was inanimate In a future state this soul or spirit would exist as part of an immaterial soul The spirit therefore was thought to be universal There have been sharp divisions of thought as to the original concept of animism held by primitive peoples A British anthropologist Sir Edward Burnett Tylor in his Primitive Culture defined animism as a general belief in spiritual beings and considered it a minimum definition of religion He stated all religions from the simplest to the most complex shared some sort of animistic belief According to him primitive peoples defined as those without a written tradition believed the spirits or souls caused life in human beings They pictured these souls as vapors or shadows going from one body to another The souls not only passed between human beings but into plants animals and inanimate objects as well Tylor reasoned primitive man arrived at his animistic belief to help him explain the causes of sleep dreams and death There naturally aroused a need to distinguish between an individual who was awake and one who was asleep or an individual who lived and one who did not Also there was a need to give a reason for the pictures some saw when they slept The spirits were the early mans explanations Tylor was criticized by another British anthropologist Robert Ranulph Marett who was convinced that primitive man had not developed the intellectual to form even such simplistic explanations as Tylor proposed Marett suggested early religion was more emotional and intuitional in origin He theorized that early man recognized some inanimate objects because they had some particular characteristic
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