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Ecoli is the abbreviated name of the bacterium in the Family Enterobacteriaceae named Escherichia coli John C Brown 1995 Source 1 The name Escherichia coli comes from the name of the person who in 1885 first isolated and characterized this bacterium Ecoli generally live in the intestines of mammals and most are harmless In fact they help us in digesting our food But there is one Ecoli strain type that is harmful if infected with It is called Ecoli O157 H7 So how does this affect us Ecoli O157 H7 causes damage to epithelial cells cells that line the intestinal walls causing us to dehydrate loose salts damage blood vessels and cause severe bleeding or hemorrhage It also drains most of body fluids which are essential for survival If left untreated it may progress to life threatening diseases such as Hemolytic Uremic syndrome HUS a blood and kidney illness and Thrombotic Thrombocytopenic Purpura TTP a blood and kidney illness that also affects the nervous system This bacterium can most commonly be found in uncooked meats unpasteurized milk and unpasteurized apple juice Vegetables like radish have also been known to carry them There are many tests to diagnose and detect Ecoli O157 H7 but they all involve culturing the stool of the assumed victim There is The MacConkey-Sorbitol test being the most common Meridians Premier EHEC EIA and Micro Carbs Vero test There are also early symptoms like diarrhea and fever which help in early detection of the bacterium Antibiotics have not been proven useful against this pathogen but there are many ways to prevent it such as cooking the meat until it reaches a core temperature of 160 Always clean any surface that has come in contact with raw meat before any other item is placed on that surface John C Brown 1995 Source 1 Always wash your hands frequently and beware that the total number of bacteria required for
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