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Up to the Task In the beginning of the second book of The Republic of Plato Glaucon and Adeimantus both issue challenges to Socrates regarding justice The first challenge issued is Glaucons Glaucon asks of Socrates that he prove that it is in every way better to be just than unjust 35 Glaucon then takes up Thrasymachus argument and furthers it with a description of the perfectly just and the perfectly unjust man and the tale of the ring of Gyges Adeimantus contributes to Glaucons challenge saying to Socrates So dont only show us by the argument that justice is stronger than injustice but show what each in itself does to the man who has it-whether t is noticed by gods and human beings or not-that makes the one good and the other bad 44 To answer the brothers challenge Socrates states that it would be better for them to find justice in a city than to find it in an individual Thus Socrates creates the city of sows and the city of the guardians In the city of sows Socrates creates a society in which there is no injustice where everyone does specialized work most of which is done for the other citizens in return for the necessities that they alone cannot produce In this city there is perfect harmony between all the citizens and the common good However as a result of there not being any injustice the society created in the city of sows is less a just society and more of an amoral society as being just seems to require a conscious choice not to be unjust For lack of that choice the citizens of the city of sows are actually amoral rather than just and that clearly cannot answer the challenge of Glaucon and Adeimantus Therefore Socrates creates a second city in book IV the feverish city In the feverish city the citizens have the choice of being unjust
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