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Iodine can be described as the heaviest among the regularly occurringhalogens which are specifically found in Group 17 VIIA within theperiodic table The periodic table involves a diagram that demonstrateshow chemical compoundselements are associated with one anotherIodines chemical aspects are identical to the highly placed lighterhalogens which include chlorine bromine and fluorine However itsphysical outlook tends to be distinctive as it mirrors a steel-grayelement which transforms it to a mesmerizing purple vapor uponincineration The chemical element iodine was accidentally discoveredby a French scientist Bernard Courtois in 1811 It is mainly found inseawater where a grayish-solid compound is often left behind afterintense water evaporation Its most important aspect regards its abilityto eradicate germs and is normally blended with disinfectants andgermicides among other products that are meant to eliminate germsbesides the medical purposes it serves Iodine equally exhibits numerousunfamiliar but vital commercial purposesIodines basic characteristics are like that of other halogens on thePeriodic Table but with some conspicuous differences Iodine is ratedamong the most memorable and striking of all the chemical elements Whenin its solid form it appears as a grayish-black heavy steel compoundbut when subjected to combustion the solid iodine sublimes as opposedto melting hence sublimation refers to the direct transformation of asolid element into a gaseous state The sublimed iodine vapor exhibits aviolet color coupled with a strong odor When placed in a cold iron baramong other similar objects the vapor transforms back to a beautifulsolid element with fragile metallic crystals as reported by Leung1740-1746 Within atmospheric temperatures iodine occurs as abluish-black solid compound that tends to change into a lethalviolet-pink gas a characteristic that is often brought by electronicshifts between the most concentrated and the least concentratedmolecular orbitals Iodine though can only dissolve in water to amoderate extent it blends well with other liquid compounds to form anexceptional purple solution When placed under standard heatingconditions iodine normally melts MP at 1135C 2363F while itsstandard boiling point BP is at 184C 363F with an average
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