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What was the basis of Nazi Power The circumstances that contributed to the phenomenal rise of Adolf Hitler and National Socialism in Germany in the period 1924-1941 from relative obscurity to a frenetic Volksbewegung is an issue of some debate However it is most likely that the culmination of a multiplicity of interrelated factors created an environment in which an entire nation was swept away by the tide of Nazism Germanys cultural heritage provided fertile soil for the roots of Nazism its ideological image mobilising the support of a heterogeneous socio-economic strata in a country crippled by the depression In addition Weimars weak foundations opposed by core social institutions and riddled with the inherent weakness of its constitution and political parties fostered a climate in which Hitlers unique form of blood-and-soil nationalism thrived This coupled with a favourable turn of events for the Nazis and Hitler culminated in his election as Chancellor in 1933 The rapid implementation of Gleichschaltung soon followed enabling Hitler to cement his position as the dictator of a totalitarian state and the creation and consolidation of Nazi power was complete In the period 1924 to 1933 voter support for the Nazi party increased from 35 of the total vote to 439 making the ultra-conservative NSDAP the largest party in the Reichstag This rapid rise in voter support indicates an important characteristic of the Nazi party as a social movement Contrary to the conclusions of historians such as Theodore Geiger who postulated that the voter support for the NSDAP derived from a homogenous base of lower-middle class support statistical analysis of Reichstag elections indicates that the Nazis were socially heterogeneous a genuine volkspartei The reasons behind the popular support of this as a right-wing anti-liberalist movement are debatable however it is most probable that the willingness of the NSDAP to shift position on policy issues allowed them to mobilise the disaffection of millions of Germans from all classes and political backgrounds
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