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Word Count: 333
In the 1960 presidential election campaign John F Kennedy argued for a new Civil Rights Act After the election it was discovered that over 70 per cent of the African American vote went to Kennedy However during the first two years of his presidency Kennedy failed to put forward his promised legislation The Civil Rights bill was brought before Congress in 1963 and in a speech on television on 11th June Kennedy pointed out that The Negro baby born in America today regardless of the section of the nation in which he is born has about one-half as much chance of completing high school as a white baby born in the same place on the same day one third as much chance of completing college one third as much chance of becoming a professional man twice as much chance of becoming unemployed about one-seventh as much chance of earning 10000 a year a life expectancy which is seven years shorter and the prospects of earning only half as much Kennedys Civil Rights bill was still being debated by Congress when he was assassinated in November 1963 The new president Lyndon Baines Johnson who had a poor record on civil rights issues took up the cause Using his considerable influence in Congress Johnson was able to get the legislation passed The 1964 Civil Rights Act made racial discrimination in public places such as theaters restaurants and hotels illegal It also required employers to provide equal employment opportunities Projects involving federal funds could now be cut off if there was evidence of discriminated based on colour race or national origin The Civil Rights Act also attempted to deal with the problem of African Americans being denied the vote in the Deep South The legislation stated that uniform standards must prevail for establishing the right to vote Schooling to sixth grade constituted legal proof of literacy and the attorney general
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