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Word Count: 580
Plato and Aristotle both believe in tripartite souls These are souls which have three parts Plato believed the soul had a reasoning part and emotive part and a desiring part He also believed each of these parts had a virtue or ar The virtue for reason was knowledge the virtue for emotion was courage and the virtue for desire was self-control With each of these virtues we can overcome the wanting parts of the soul and become good rational thinking people Plato said once all three virtues had been acquired we would have the perfect psyche or soul According to Plato the soul is placed inside the body at birth after it has travelled from the realm of the forms This is called a transcendent soul When it arrives in the body it forgets the forms However it can remember with the aid of a philosopher This process is called anamnesis The forms are perfect beings- what all beings in the temporal special or shadow world the world we live in now aim to be like For example in the realm of the forms resides the perfect circle or square The highest form is the form of the good All forms are derived from this We know the forms through experience prior to knowledge a priori Plato likens this remembering of the forms to his myth of the cave This is a story that tells of several individuals bound in a cave They are bound so they cannot see each other All the can see is the wall of the cave On this wall shadows flick backwards and forwards These are shadows of items and statues carried on peoples heads in front of a fire The people in this cave think that the shadows are all there are and all that exists One day an individual escapes free and manages to get into the real world Here the light is blinding and once his vision
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