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How have the groups within each community tried to achieve their aims between 1968 and the cease-fire which was announced in 1994In Northern Ireland there are two main groups of people the Protestants and the Catholics The Protestants making up the majority of the population of Northern Ireland want to remain under British rule and part of the UK The Catholics who were often treated unfairly by the Protestants want there to be a united Ireland ruled by a Government in Dublin In1968 the tensions between the unionist and nationalist communities in Northern Ireland once again resurfaced on the streets with the formation of the Civil Rights Movement Catholics were no longer prepared to accept their role as second class citizens At this time in Northern Ireland Catholics made up roughly 35 of the population and were seen as less important than Protestants Many Catholic families were forced to live in the same house along with two or more other families as all the council houses would have gone to Protestant families The same also applied when companies were looking for employees Protestants had the best jobs and made sure that other Protestants were promoted Eventually the Catholics had had enough and decided it was time for change The Catholics decided to protest in peaceful marches appealing for equal Human Rights The Prime Minister at the time Captain ONeill recognising the need for change suggested instituting a development Corporation for Derry and improving the local Government over a period of three years This was seen as too little too late On 4th January while the protesters were marching between Belfast and Derry they were attacked by supporters of Rev Ian Paisley The Protestant mob were throwing stones and wielding clubs The RUC were filmed by news crews making little attempt to arrest the attackers Instead they arrested about 80 marchers who they were supposed to be protecting Paisleys description of the Civil Rights
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