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Five years after the outbreak of World War One Germany was on its knees its armies on the Western Front were in full retreat its citizens were starving and the Hohenzollern monarchy had abdicated in favour of a democracy The German nation was about to enter into a period of political social and economic chaos The incomplete revolution of 1918 resulted in a change in Germanys political system from authoritarian to a democracy Previously the government had power concentrated by the rule of the Kaiser so that when the new democratic system was introduced Germans had no understanding or experience of a democracy Therefore Germanys authoritarian tradition was still preferred by the people However it became apparent to the armys High Command that Germany was heading towards defeat The army wanted to shift the blame for the defeat from the army by creating a democracy to negotiate the peace settlement As a result the army would not be associated with the lost war which is evident by Ludendorffs statement Let them now conclude the peace that had to be negotiated When the terms of the Treaty of Versailles became known there was consternation in Germany However Germany was in no condition not to ratify the treaty and restart a war Therefore the new democracy was forced to become a signatory However at the conclusion of World War One German troops were still occupying French and Belgium land therefore the army created the idea that the arm was not defeated This led to the belief in Germany that the army had been stabbed in the back that they had not been defeated on the field but had been betrayed by the democracy and called the democracy the November Criminals Although the political structure of German was altered by the revolution the social and economic structure of society established during the Hohenzollern monarchy remained unaffected by the revolution This resulted in the preservation of
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