scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 2,008
In order to contrast a philosophers theory of whether human beings are naturally good with a philosopher who does not we must examine in depth what each philosopher believes is a good human being The two philosophers I will be comparing are Plato and Aristotle Neither philosopher believes all people are born naturally good Plato believes that some humans are born naturally good whereas Aristotle believes humans are born neutral at best In due course I will illustrate each philosophers contrasting views then provide my own opinion When referencing to Platos book The Republic I will be referring to Socrates views as Platos I will begin by examining what Plato accounts for as good Plato refers to three parts of the soul Wisdom Spirit and Appetite and the three parts of the city Guardians Soldiers and Workers Plato uses an analogy of the city to explain the parts of the soul The first part of the soul is wisdom which is guided by reason The guardians represent wisdom in the city because they are the most highly educated Their job is to guard the city as Plato outlines never permitting either force or deception to make them give up the conviction that they must do what is best for the state1 Guardians are the rulers and are the smallest but highest class Next are the soldiers or auxiliaries The soldiers are concerned with courage bravery and supporting the guardians In the individual they represent spirit Finally the last group in the city is the workers Plato describes this group as the mass of diverse appetites pleasures and painsfound chiefly among children women slaves and the man so-called freemen form the lower classes2 This group represents appetite in the soul They are the lowest class but the largest The guardians govern them Having established the parts of the soul and how they correspond to the city Plato states that the city is like
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA