scroll to top
Stuck on your essay?
Get ideas from this essay and see how your work stacks up
Word Count: 2,496
How does syntactic and semantic knowledge contribute to our understanding of a piece of text The Little Oxford dictionary 1986 defines syntactic knowledge as the grammatical arrangement of wordsrules or analysis of this while semantic knowledge is described as knowledge of the meaning in language But what is comprehension Anderson claims comprehension involves a perceptual stage followed by a parsing stage followed by a utilisation stage Parsing is the process by which the words in the message are transformed into a mental representation of the combined meaning of the words While the utilisation is the stage in which the comprehenders actually use the mental representation of the sentence It is also important to look at the syntactic clues in relation to comprehension for example Inflection An alternation of the form of a word by adding affixes as in English dogs from dogs or by changing the form of a base as in English spoke from speak that indicates grammatical features such as a number person mood or tense Him kicked the girl Who got kicked Comprehendersreaders use the syntactic cues of word order and inflection to help interpret a sentence Sometimes people rely on the plausible semantic interpretation of words in a sentence People however integrate both semantic and syntactic cues to come up with an interpretation of a sentence According to Ashcraft 1994 language is meaning while phonology and syntax seem to be two necessary vehicles by which meaning is communicated Syntax is however more than just word and phrase order rules As you read syntax is sensitive to the accessibility of words for example the more accessible the words are the more they tend to appear earlier in the sentence Likewise semantic factors refer to more than just word and phrase meanings depending on the phrasing the focus of each sentence is different so each sentence means something slightly different Gross 2001 states that semantics can be analysed at the
@Kibin is a lifesaver for my essay right now!!
- Sandra Slivka, student @ UC Berkeley
Wow, this is the best essay help I've ever received!
- Camvu Pham, student @ U of M
If I'd known about @Kibin in college, I would have gotten much more sleep
- Jen Soust, alumni @ UCLA