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Term Paper- Ancient SumeriaBabylon One of the many ancient civilizations that need to be clarified is ancient Sumeria Sumer was an ancient region in southern Mesopotamia located in the extreme southeastern part of what is now Iraq The land of Sumer was virtually devoid of human occupants until about 5000 BC when settlers moved into the swamps at the head of the Persian Gulf and gradually spread northward up the lower Tigris-Euphrates Valley Although the Sumerians as people disappeared their language and literature continued to influence the religion of their successors Their basic economic organization and system of writing cuneiform architectural forms and legal practices remained in use Later generations elaborated upon the mathematics and astronomy that the Sumerians had originated Beret 113 Almost every culture or ancient civilization has a flood story For example in the Old Testament there was a flood story that lasted forty days and forty nights In the Sumerian civilization there is a flood story as well The motive for the flood story in the Old Testament is similar to the motive in the flood story in the Sumerian culture This motive was to punish the wickedness of men The flood happened in a city called Shurrupak It stands on the bank of the Euphrates River The city grew old and the gods that were in it grew old The city was in an uproar and the god Enlil heard the clamor and he said to the god in the council The uproar of mankind is intolerable and sleep is no longer possible by reason of the babel Bailey 59 The gods decided to exterminate mankind For six days and six nights the winds blew torrent and tempest and flood overwhelmed the world tempest and flood raged together like warring hosts Bailey 57 Even the gods were terrified at the flood they fled to the highest heaven the firmament of Anu In Babylonian civilizations a god is
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