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Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Pumped into Commission United States oil companies depend on US land for domestic oil production just as the United States needs domestic oil companies to be more energy self-sufficient The demand for oil has become a topic for discussion and how to obtain it is an even bigger concern The President and other politicians have been debating whether or not to open the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge for oil production The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge known as ANWR is 195 million acres of wildlife reserve in northeastern Alaska The land is filled with many animals including polar bears wolves wolverines and grizzly bears which make their home in the reserve Designated for protection in 1960 by President Eisenhower the refuge has been a critical spot for environmentalists for years while being coveted by some of Americas biggest oil companies After Congress banned oil development in the refuge oil industry lobbyists and Alaskas congressional delegation have sought to overturn the legislation Still others in Congress have tried to end the debate by declaring the refuges oil-rich coastal plain a permanently protected wilderness Opening up the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge in Alaska to the highest bidding oil company would not only ensure the ruin of the Alaskan habitat but also waste time and money Oil companies are still rushing to open little known but remarkable wild lands in Alaskas Arctic to drilling oil ExxonMobil and British Petroleum BP have been leading companies in Alaskan oil production BP is rigorously examining all the options for commercializing the Alaskan gas reserves BP is also working to make sure that exploration would be as safe as possible Alaska 2 To make exploration safe BP and other oil companies use a three-dimensional subsurface image known as 3-D seismic This exploration technique lets geologists see the oil reserves underground The 3-D seismic technique requires a much denser grid of trails than 2-D seismic which gives a more detailed
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