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Introduction Metacognition is simply described as thinking about thinking Kearsley 1994 It is more complexly defined as ones knowledge of their own learning and cognitive processes and their consequent regulation of those processes to enhance learning and memory Ormrod 1999 p319 The better a person is at metacognitive skills the higher their learning and achievement will be The following will describe and discuss skills and knowledge included in metacognition The class text talks about six skills or knowledge that is involved They are Being aware of what ones own learning and memory capabilities are and of what learning tasks can be accomplished Knowing which learning strategies are effective and which are not Planning an approach to a learning task that is likely to be successful Using effective learning strategies Monitoring ones present knowledge state Knowing effective strategies for retrieval of previously stored information Aware of Learning and Memory Capabilities Someone can learn better when they are aware of their learning and memory capabilities and the tasks that can realistically be accomplished They can realize that it is highly unlikely to learn everything in a 200 page reading assignment in one night Ormrod 1999 p320 If they know that they can memorize definitions easily then they can focus less time on that then something they have difficulty with A person who is aware of their learning capabilities may know that they learn better in a quiet setting This person will then know that studying in the library will be more productive then studying in their dorm room Knowing Which Learning Strategies are Effective It saves time when someone knows which learning strategies are effective and which are not This will make studying more effective and less time consuming Many college students highlight which is believed to not be an effective studying technique It is more effective to take notes of key point or write a summary of
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