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Totalitarianism Of relating to being or imposing a form of government in which the political authority exercises absolute and centralized control over all aspects of life the individual is subordinated to the state and opposing political and cultural expression is suppressed dictionarycom Essentially totalitarianism is a type of government in which the person or people in power seek to maintain absolute control over every person under their authority with virtually all importance eliminated from the concept of an individual The term was characterized by Hannah Arendt the German-American political theorist who wrote The Origins of Totalitarianism inspired by Hitler and Stalin of the just-finished World War II and just-starting Cold War Responding to the terrors of WWII that she experienced firsthand Arendt describes the evils of totalitarianism as she saw them George Orwell an author living at the same time as Arendt responded similarly to the widespread war and terrifying totalitarianism In his 1984 Orwell creates a strictly totalitarian society offering an alarming glimpse into a possible future Orwells society shows every characteristic named above in the definition of totalitarianism its governments sole goal to maintain power The society of 1984 functioned on the belief that control over the human mind is control over reality As OBrien an important member of the Orwellian government referred to as the Party says Reality is not external Reality exists in the human mind and nowhere else Not in the individual mind which can make mistakes and in any case soon perishes only in the mind of the Party which is collective and immortal Whatever the Party holds to be truth is truth It is impossible to see reality except by looking through the eyes of the Party 205 The Party is not concerned with objective facts They argue that reality can only become reality when it is believed additionally the believed reality is the only reality When OBrien tells Winston that 2 plus 2 equals five Winston must
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