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There are many developmental achievements that will occur in areas of physical psychosocial and cognitive throughout the first three years Normal developmental milestones nearly always occur in the same order but at different ages for different children Caregivers are also teachers and must help cultivate their development and learning experiences through developmentally appropriate activities There are no years more important then these first three years of life and it is of great importance that infants and toddlers get environmental stimulation through physical motor psychosocial cognitive language and literacy experiences In the first 12 months of life an infants size increases by approximately 50 percent and In no other one year period until puberty are there so many physical changes There are many milestones in the infants physical and motor development and their motor development will move from gross to fine in two distinct patterns The cephalocaudal pattern is where motor control of the head to arms is achieved first then to trunk and legs The proxmidodestal pattern is where command of head to the trunk is achieved first followed by arms to the fingers and feet Newborns respond physically to stimuli by unlearned and involuntary sensorimotor reflex abilities such as sucking rooting stepping and grasping Newborns uncoordinatedly swipe at objects and by the end of their first three months they will be able to hold their head steady and support their weight on their elbows Around three to six months of age hand-eye coordination is improving and they are also able to begin to sit with some assistance or support and roll from side to back Towards the end of 9 months infants will be able to raise themselves to a sitting position sit steadily crawl then creep and perhaps even stand up and cruise along furniture as well as successfully reach and grasp with their hands After 10 months they are learning to release objects held in their hands and
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