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Essay Globalisation Outline the differences between economic growth and economic development Discuss how economic development may be measured Outline how globalisation may impact upon a nations development Where appropriate make reference to a relevant case study Although economic growth and development are similar in meaning they have some essential differences Economic growth refers to the increasing ability of a nation to produce more goods and services Economic development basically implies that individuals of that nation will be better off and takes into account changes in economic and social structures that will reduce or eliminate poverty Economic development can be measured in a number of different ways including the Human Development Index a Gender Empowerment Measure a Human Poverty Index and a Human Freedom Index All of these measures were developed by the United Nations Development Program The World Bank also has its own indicator called the World Bank Development Indicator Globalisation can have both negative affects on a nation It can impact on the levels of economic growth a country may experience impact on levels of unemployment or it may impact on a countrys quality of life Economic growth is the expansion of a countrys productive capacity This leads to a rise in total national output Growth can occur in two different ways the increased use of land labour capital and entrepreneurial resources by using better technology or management techniques and increased productivity of existing resource use through rising labour and capital productivity While theoretically having an increasing national output means greater material welfare and a rise in living standards it does not equate to having higher levels of well being for individuals in that nation Economic growth can in fact have negative impacts on a nation including environmental degradation and the loss of traditional cultural values It also may mean there is greater inequality between different classes in society that is the gap between the rich and the poor may grow
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