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Barouque Composers Still Being Played Frequently Monteverdi Lully Corelli Pachelbel Scarlatti Purcell Couperin Albinoni Vivaldi Telemann Rameau Bach Handel Gluck Baroque and Classical Orchestras Differences Baroque OrchestrasClassical Orchestras String section and basso continuo central to the orchestra Other instruments are occasional additionsStandard group of four sections strings woodwinds brass and percussion Different instruments treated individually Fairly small generally 10- 40 playersLarger than baroque great variation to the numbers of players Flexible use of timbres eg Timpani and trumpets used generally just for festive musicStandardised sections Most sections used regularly Tone colour is distinctly secondary to other musical elementsGreater variety of tone colour and more rapid changes of colour Timbre is unimportant and therefore a piece written for harpsichord could easily be rearranged for a string sectionEach section of the classical orchestra has a special role And each instrument is used distinctively Wind instruments mainly used as solo instruments or as part of the basso continuoThe wind section had become a separate unit capable of contrast and distinct colour The harpsichord generally plays an ostinato under the orchestra Piano not inventedThe piano introduces a third colour-tone to be contrasted with the orchestra Baroque and Classical Concerto Form Differences Baroque Concerto FormClassical Concerto Form Concerto grosso use of string orchestra set against a number of solo instruments is the most popular concerto form of this period Other forms include The ripieno concerto and the solo concertoSymphony form develops from baroque concerto forms and becomes the new form Shorter movements than classical formConcerto longer than baroque from Fairly strict structure and prerequisites eg Traditional ritornello form virtuostic displays etcMore freedom and experimentation with traditional form First movement has solo passages extending into long sections alternated between four or five ritornello sections First movement constructed in a
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