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Word Count: 612
As long as mankind has had a conscience existence it has continued to ask why people do what they do In this people have sought to help those who may suffer from the illness of the mind in effective ways Over the millennia man has come up with countless ways to treat peoples illnesses Some of these were pretty effective others not so However todays psychologists use science and research to come up with state of the art therapies Among these therapies is the Biomedical therapy which looks to address the physiological part of the illness Psychological Therapies and Biomedical Therapies One of the main parts of biomedical therapies is the administering of drugs These drugs are commonly referred to as Psychoactive drugs Psychopharmacology These drugs imitate the effects of neurotransmitters increase neurotransmitter amounts or block receptor sites The problem with these drugs is that they do not mimic the normal brain process perfectly This is because of the complexity of interacting neurotransmitters There can also be side effects which may cause undesired conditions liked Tardive Dykenesia which is a result of taking Thorazine This condition causes tremors and slowness Psychopharmacology However much benefit has come from the use of drugs for example in the 1950s scientists came up with a drug to treat schizophrenia This drug alleviated many of the symptoms afflicting the schizophrenic patients allowing them to live near normal lives Another aspect of biomedical therapies is Electroconvulsive therapy ECT This is where electric shocks are induced into the brain to treat severe symptoms HealthyPlace Interestingly enough ECT dates back to the 16th century where electric eels were used to treat those insane It should be noted that ECT is used only in severely depressed patients where other options have proven ineffective In ECT a patient is put to sleep and is given the temporarily paralyzing drug succinylcholine to prevent injury Electric current is then passed through electrodes placed on the brain to
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