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There are many different fields of study in psychology One field of study is the cognitive process of learning Learning is any relatively permanent change in behavior or behavior potential resulting from experience Baron G-7 The learning process helps us all organisms adapt to changing conditions in our environment and the world around us Although the effects of learning are very diverse many psychologists believe that learning occurs in several basic forms Two of these forms are called classical learning or classical conditioning and operant learning or operant conditioning 170Classical Conditioning is a basic form of learning in which one stimulus comes to serve as a signal for the occurrence of a second stimulus 171 In simple terms classical conditioning is relating two or more objects together so the natural mind will begin to associate the two objects together Psychologists believe that a stimulus will elicit a response For instance a well-known Russian psychologist performed a well-known experiment in the early 1900s having to do with classical conditioning This famous psychologist was named Ivan Petrovich Pavlov He even won a Noble Prize in 1904 for his research Pavlovs experiment wasnt originally focused around the psychology aspect of learning His research was focused around the process of digestion in dogs Pavlov after doing his study realized that there was an unusual reaction when the dogs were about to receive their food they began to salivate before even receiving the food World 202 He decided that the dogs were receiving signals whether it was by looking at the bowl that the food came in or at the sight of the person who they received the food from that led them to believe they were going to receive food shortly Baron 172 Pavlov questioned that if they were reacting the way they were could they react with other stimuli He put his question to the testThe first thing that Pavlov did was to pick out
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