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Moral Development You may think that at a certain age a person should be at a certain maturity level but the fact is that people develop their moral standings at different ages and times in their life Moral development is the adaptation to the moral world in which we live Adolescents develop a conscious identity when they are able to think and reason about abstract ideas They have reached the formal operational stage which is when they use hypothetical thinking You could also say that moral values are learned Coon 2003Kolhberg designed six stages which are divided into three levels In this paper I will discuss the preconventional conventional and post conventional stages of moral development Preconventional Level Just because someone may have a high moral reasoning ability is no guarantee that a person will act morally other factors such as the likely hood of being caught also affect behavior This leads us to our first level the preconventional level This level is all about obeying and avoiding punishment from a superior authority If a child thinks that they will get caught then they will not disobey the rules or the law In other words if they think that they will get something in return then they will make a fair exchange for it They are pleasure-seeking and selfish in nature Coon 2003 In 1990 a poll was taken questioning the morals of American children asking if they would cheat to pass an important exam Two- thirds said that they would which would place them in the preconventional level of reasoning Coon 2003 Even though the preconventional level usually only applies to children under the age of nine When they become a little older then they may move up into the next level which is the conventional level Conventional Level The conventional level usually consist of the ages nine to nineteen In this stage people are concerned about other people and want
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