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Word Count: 980
Bureaucracy is defined as a set of complex hierarchical departments agencies commissions and their staff that exists to help the president carry out his constitutionally mandated charge to enforce the laws of the nation It is a wide spread phenomena throughout the US in the Federal State County and City levels of government There are both advantages and disadvantages of this institution as seen by many The disadvantages of a largely bureaucratic government are as numerous as are the advantages One of the cons is a thing called Patronage Basically this is where president appoints his buddies to certain positions or gives them and their companys grants with the whole quid pro quo mentality Obviously this is a very graphic display of abuse of power If caught and exposed to the public it can lead to distrust among the constituents that will likely be long term For instance a president is elected and a friend of his that has helped his child get into the college of their dreams could very well be appointed ambassador to a nation abroad Now it goes without saying that any appointment by the President must be approved through Congress but when patronage comes into play several candidates that are per chance more qualified could be overlooked A second disadvantage of bureaucracy is something that is known as the spoils system This is the firing of all office holders of the defeated political party in order to replace them with persons of the winning party a spring-cleaning on Capitol Hill if you will One vivid example of this happening in our country was when Richard Nixon was elected president As soon as he stepped into the White House as the 37th president of our nation he grossly took advantage of his powers of appointment He swept house and filled all the appointments he could with his close friends and business associates Some of these appointments worked out
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