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Word Count: 630
The first reports of a fabulous stone palace in Southern Africa did not leave Africa until 1552 It was described by Joo de Barros in his book Da Asia as a square fortress masonry within and without built of stones of marvelous size and there appears to be no mortar joining them Portuguese chroniclers of that time believed the stone palace to be the biblical city of Ophir where the queen of Sheba procured gold for the temple of Solomon These beliefs persisted until 1871 when Carl Mauch discovered the ruins Unfortunately Mauch was only able to boost the Portuguese theories and was unsuccessful in proving the origins of the ruins He concluded that a civilized read white nation must have once lived there He tried to prove that the ruins had been built by the Queen of Sheba He argued that the wood found there was very similar to the cedar of Lebanon and therefore had to have been brought over by the Phoenicians Later archeologists found that the wood that Mauch described was actually African sandalwood a local hardwood This discovery disproves Mauchs conclusions In 1890 Cecil Rhodes with the British South Africa Company BSA decided to investigate further into Mauchs findings Unfortunately his racist views made his findings biased Rhodes working with another man named Theodore Bent concluded based on the artifacts that a prehistoric race built the ruinsa northern race coming from Arabiaclosely akin the Phoenician and Egyptianand eventually developing into the more civilized races of the ancient world Although all of the evidence proved that the ruins were built my indigenous peoples Rhodes and Bent tenaciously adhered to the idea of the ruins non-black origins Another archeologist named Richard Nicklin Hall followed in Rhodes and Bents narrow-minded footsteps Hall claimed that his investigation was removing the filth and decadence of the Kaffir occupation In reality he discarded three to twelve feet of stratified archeological deposits in search of signs of
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