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1Some of the immigrants who came to the US between the Civil War and WWI include the Irish Germans Italians Polish Jews Chinese Japanese and Koreans Groups such as the American Protective Association the Immigration Restriction League and the notorious Ku Klux Klan discriminated against these groups Literacy tests were proposed by the Immigration Restriction League to test new immigrants on literacy of any language This made it hard for immigrants who were poor and had little education to come to the US When anti-immigrant group proposed a bill to make literacy test mandatory President Wilson vetoed the bill But in 1917 Americans feared the War in Europe and Congress was able to have enough votes to override the veto of President Wilson 2Chinese were kept from immigrating when the West convinced Congress to pass the Chinese Exclusion Act of 1882 Then in 1907 President Theodore Roosevelt convince the Japanese Government to stop their people from emigrating This came to be known as the Gentlemans Agreement 3Jane Addams was a reformer who spoke for immigrant rights She studied abroad in Europe When visiting Toynbee Hall in London she passed by the poorest section of the city She saw that a group of Oxford and Cambridge graduates were helping the people of the neighborhood Seeing this she was inspired to do something similar in the US She would set up settlement houses where educated young men and women would help the citizens of the neighborhood The citizens could learn important lesson from the young men and women and vice versa 4The literacy test restricted immigration to the US The National Origins Act of 1924 reduced quotas to only 150000 of immigrants per year The percentage of immigrants from each country was based on the percentage of the nations origin However Canadians and Latin Americans were not restricted by this Act 5The Immigration Act of 1965 abolished the quota system
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