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Why did Charlemagne accept the imperial title The great religious questions of the nineteenth century were in many cases rooted in the events of the eighteenth The Enlightenment characterized by an intellectual zeal and a rebellious atheism set down the foundations upon which the next centurys crisis of faith was to be built As the years passed science brought to the publics attention discoveries which appeared to undermine the dogmas expounded by the churches whilst thinkers unveiled new concepts of government and morality which did not require the Church or even a deity The nineteenth century was the offspring of the Industrial Revolution it was the home of Darwin and Marx and according to Nietzsches Madman in the marketplace it was the scene of a cultural assassination God is dead God remains dead And we have killed him Modern historians in addressing the effect of science on religion during the course of the nineteenth century have tended to employ two terms religious science and irreligious science To some this distinction may appear unnecessary since science as a process of discovery is not generally taken to overlap with theology However when a schism began to appear in society between those willing to defend their inherited faith and those unwilling to do so and in many cases convinced that it was their duty to launch an assault on religion scientists too tended to take sides developing arguments out of the evidence which their research presented them with The most important scientific development - that of Darwin with his theory of evolution by natural selection - was neither religious nor irreligious at the outset It was only when it was interpreted that it began to appear to pose a threat to the beliefs of those who regarded the Genesis account of Creation as one to be read literally As the British and Foreign Evangelical Review wrote following the publication of The Origin of Species in 1859 We do
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