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Courtney McDaniel Research paper Racial Segregation In the United States April 1 2001 Dr Cynthia Flemming Racial Segregation in the United States Segregation is defined as legal or social practice of separating groups of people by custom or by law based on differences of race religion wealth culture or sexual orientation wwwworldbookcom Segregation is usually the result of a long period of group conflict with one group having more power and influence than another group A prominent type of segregation that continually affects the world everyday is racial segregation Racial segregation in its modern form started in the late 1800sand provides a means of maintaining the economic advantages and superior social status of the politically and socially dominant group and in recent times it has been employed primarily by the white populations to maintain their ascendancy over other groups by means of legal and social color bars There are two major types of segregation de jure segregation and de facto segregation Segregation by law or de jure segregation occurs when local state or national laws require racial separation where the laws explicitly allow segregation De jure segregation dates from the founding of the nation and was widespread in the South for about 80 years before the court of Congress prohibited legally sanctioned segregation in the 50s and 60s The system of de jure segregation began to crumble in the 1900s De facto segregation or segregation in fact occurs when social practice political acts or public policy result in the separation of people by race or ethnicity even though no laws require or authorize racial separation This type of separation has developed more by custom than by law De facto segregation has continued even when state and federal law have prohibited and has been a basic cause of numerous riots in American Cities since the 1960s The riots have represented among other things a mixture of desperation and defiance wwwhttpencartamsncom
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