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Word Count: 407
HOW NORTH CAROLINA IS EFFECTED ECONOMICALLY BY WATER POLLUTION About 80 of the States surveyed freshwater rivers and streams have good water quality that fully supports aquatic life uses 17 have fair water quality that partially supports aquatic life uses and 3 have poor water quality that does not support aquatic life uses Ten percent of the surveyed rivers do not fully support swimming The major sources of impairment are agriculture responsible for 53 of the impaired river miles urban runoff responsible for 16 and construction responsible for 13 These sources generate siltation bacteria and organic wastes that deplete disssolved opxygen Only 17 of the surveyed lakes in North CCarolina are impaired for swimming and 6 are impaired for aquatic life uses A few lakes are impacted by dioxin metals and excessive nutrient enrichment The Champion Paper mill on the Pigeon River is the source of dioxin contamination in Waterville Lake The State and the mill implemented a dioxin minimization program in the mid-1980s and completed a modernization program in 1993 that will reduce water usage and discharges About 94 of the estuaries and sounds in North Carolina fgully support designated uses Agriculture urban runoff septic tanks and point source discharges are the leading sources of nutrients bacteria and low dissolved oxygen that degrade estuaries About half of the people in North Carolina use ground water as their primary supply of drinking water Ground water quality is generally good The leading source of ground water contamination is leaking underground storage tanks which contaminate ground water with gasoline diesel fuel and heating oil Comprehensive programs are under way to assess potential contamination sites and develop a ground water protection strategy for the State In 1993-1995 North Carolina continued its aggressive program to control nonpoint source pollution North Carolina established the NPS Workgroup implemented NPS Teams for each of the 17 river basins published a guide for establishing a pointnonpoint source pollution
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