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Each work of art has elements of unity and elements of variety Variety balances out unity and keeps things interesting The center of interest or focal point is the place the artist draws your eyes first Artists use balance in order to construct paintings These elements of art such as unity variety focal point or area of interest and balance will be used to give you a better understanding Examples from Giorgio de Chirico The Mystery and Melancholy of a Street 1914 Pablo Picasso Seated Nude 1909 Spanish Francisco de Goya Saturn Devouring His Children 1819 and Piet Mondrain Devotie 1908 will be used merely as informational pieces to convey these elements of art Some ways of creating unity might be to make everything in a painting a similar color or a series of repeating shapes or a consistent texture made with brush strokes At times variety coerces the eye to pay particular attention to that object Variety occurs when an artist creates something that looks different from the rest of the artwork For example Giorgio de Chirico The Mystery and Melancholy of a street 1914 depicts unity and variety with lightdark cooler and warmer hues various shapes and lines Unity is depicted in the repletion of the square windows directly above the repletion of archways alongside two buildings Variety is depicted in the chosen colors and various shapes and lines In Chiricos oil canvas variety is applied by the contrasting of warmer hues aside the cooler hues light and dark conveying both spacedistance and recedingcloseness The unity and variety in this canvas is brought together through the repetition depicted on the two buildings the warmer hues and light expressing depth and the cooler hues and dark expressing the closeness These same principles of the elements of unity and variety are depicted in Picassos Goyas and Mondrains Canvases Artists emphasize certain parts of their artwork to stand out and grab your attention This is called
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