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Throughout American Literature there have been many genres of writing eras The Harlem Renaissance was one of such genres of writing The Harlem Renaissance was an African American cultural movement of the late 1800s and early 1900s that was centered in the Harlem neighborhood of New York City Although it was primarily a literary movement it was closely related to developments in African American music theater art and politics The Harlem Renaissance had a number of different names It was also referred to as the New Negro movement the New Negro Renaissance and the Negro Renaissance The movement emerged toward the end of World War I in 1918 and bloomed in the mid- to late 1920s and then later faded in the mid-1930s The Harlem Renaissance was a giant step for African American writers and poets It was such an accomplishment because it marked the first time that mainstream publishers and critics took these writers seriously Not only was it the publishers who gave recognition to African American literature and arts but also the nation as a whole The Harlem Renaissance emerged both socially and intellectually in the African American community in the early twentieth century Several factors contributed to the movement There had been a large black middle class developed by the turn of the century This was a result of increased education and employment opportunities following the American Civil War During what was known as the Great Migration black Americans moved by the thousands from a poor rural South to the industrialized cities of the North to take advantage of the employment opportunities created by World War I As more and more educated and socially sensible African Americans settled in New Yorks neighborhood of Harlem it generated into the political and cultural center of black America African American literature and arts had begun a steady development just before the turn of the century In the
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