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Word Count: 564
So if individual and cultural development are in opposition to each other and each has its own conscience where does that leave us As civilization becomes more complicated and absorbs more of our life and through Freud one can see that indeed it is the society whose conscience comes first over the individual Sociologist Max Weber used the relationship between society and the individual to explain the evolution of capitalism in terms of social development A value system that was originated in Christian ascetic idealism gradually found itself becoming embedded into Western society Gramscis HEGEMONY This system of values or rationalism was based on concept of a peculiar ethic which Weber identified as an economic spirit or the ethos of an economic system Weber 27 It is this spirit that has embodied society and it is this spirit rather than the will of the individual that wields the weapon of capitalism Thus the capitalism of to-day which has come to dominate economic life educates and selects the economic subjects which it needs through a process of economic survival of the fittest Weber 55 Regardless of who accepts or rejects this economic system imposed by society those who posess the instinct to survive will have no choice but to accept it While this religiously-influenced economic system may have once been desirable Weber now labels it an iron cage In essence the conscience of society has superceded that of the individual The Puritan wanted to work in a calling we are forced to do so For when asceticism was carried out of monastic cells into everyday life and began to dominate worldly morality it did its part in building the tremendous cosmos of the modern economic order Weber 181 But what this Protestant ethic has really done is force the individual to embrace capitalism and the morals which surround it as a way of life Society has dictated that in order to succeed we must be employed
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