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The Values of Mesopotamia and Egypt Mesopotamia and Egypt both were civilizations that came into existence near rivers These rivers caused floods and destruction yet they deposited fertile soil that allowed these early civilizations to grow crops and survive without traveling great distances to gather food These states of people had evolved enough to have values and needs beyond that of the basic needs such as food water and shelter These higher values are pretty basic People wanted to find a meaning in life to cope with death and the afterlife and to have justice Mesopotamians were the first said to have a government codes of laws and ethical systems When these people had unanswered questions they created myths to satisfy those questions myths are vehicles through which prescientific societies explain the workings of the universe and humanitys place within it Human Record p 6 One of Mesopotamias greatest works of literature was The Epic of Gilgamesh This story of a heroic king explains how Gilgamesh is a mortal man searching for immortality During this epic there is a section that is similar to the Biblical story of Noah where the lands flood killing everything except one man who built a boat and put his family and animals on the boat Also it has a moral at the end stating that Gilgamesh shouldnt despair because he was a great king and will be remembered so his death wasnt in vain Not only did the questions of the Mesopotamians create epic poems and myths they created codes of laws Even though the Code of Hammurabi isnt the first collection of laws it certainly is the most famous Hammurabis code is actually a collection of decisions that the king made in response to specific cases and perceived injustices Human Record p 13 These laws covered many areas such as justice criminal property marriage and family and personal injury Also these laws set
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