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The Nubians and Olmecs by Anna Martinez Haslip-Viera Ortiz de Montellano and Barbour 1997 have argued that Olmec civilization was not influenced by Africans and therefore Afrocentrism should have no standing in higher education but in fact it can be illustrated that the facial types as sociated with the Olmec people and Meroitic people are identical and that Olmec figurines such as the Tuxtla statuette excavation are inscribed with African writing used by the Mande people of West Africa Wiener 1922 Winters 1979 of Manding writing provide the absolute proof recovered by archaeologists from controlled excavations in the New World demanded by Haslip-Viera Ortiz de Montellano and Barbour 1997 419 to proofconfirm Olmec and African contact The failure of Haslip- Viera Ortiz de Montellano and Barbour 1997 to realize an African presence in PreColumbian America is the result of their ignorance of the normal science of ancient Afrocentric studies Winters 1996 Haslip-Viera Ortiz d e Montellano and Barbour 1997 419 assume that ancient Afrocentric research is the result of the cultural nationalism of the 1960s and 1970s This view is false The ancient Afrocentric studies research tradition was developed before the 1960s Wint ers 1994 1996 The ancient Afrocentric studies research tradition reflects almost two hundred years of original research in the area of ancient Afrocentric studies Winters 1994 1996 Contrary to the views of Haslip-Viera Ortiz de Montellano and Barbour 1997 ancient Afrocentric historical research makes ancient Afrocentric area studies a valid field of research Winters 1994 Haslip-Viera Ortiz de Montellano and Barbour 1997 criticized the view held by many Afrocentrist that the Olmec peo ple were Africans due to the research of Ivan van Sertima Use of van Sertima 1976 by Haslip-Viera Ortiz de Montellano and Barbour 1997 419 to denigrate Afrocentrism is unfair because this researcher has made it clear since the publication of his book They came before Columbus in 1976 that he is not an Afrocentrist
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