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Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis is the most common type of arthritis The greatest risk factor for developing Osteoarthritis is age Women are twice as likely as men to develop knee Osteoarthritis Obesity is another a risk factor for Osteoarthritis of the knees Another risk factor is doing the same activity repeating the same movement Osteoarthritis is often described as the wear-and-tear type of arthritis because of its association with joint injury and old age Certainly both injury and repetitive strain are major contributors to Osteoarthritis Injury to or severing of the knees ligament can lead to Osteoarthritis within a few years because the joint is worn and no longer fits together perfectly Compared to repetitive work-related joint degeneration athletes have a relatively low frequency of arthritis Whether people can actually wear out their joints through a lifetime of normal use however has yet been proven Nor is it clear whether the pitting fissuring and drying out of joint cartilage seen in Osteoarthritis is determined by age alone Genes clearly play a role in the development of some Osteoarthritis Multi-generational studies in Iceland indicate that some families are genetically predisposed to develop Osteoarthritis of the hip On the other hand people of Asian African and Indian descent are less likely to develop hip Osteoarthritis A single gene defect leads to an uncommon sub-type of Osteoarthritis called primary generalized osteoarthritis Symptoms The earliest symptom patients report to their doctors is persistent joint pain and stiffness At first the pain occurs during activity and goes away with rest later minimal activity is enough to cause pain even at rest or during the night The source of the pain isnt the cartilage its the surrounding joint structure membranes ligaments tendons and muscles Cartilage has no nerve or blood supply since its function is to absorb and shield against the physical shocks and jolts of normal movement Primarily muscles tendons and ligaments contracting in spasm to protect the joint
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