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A President Sukarno - biograhy Sukarno June 6 1901 - June 21 1970 was the first President of Indonesia He helped the country win its independence from the Netherlands and was President from 1945 to 1967 Sukarno was forced from power by one of his generals Suharto who formally became President in March 1967 Sukarno became a leader of a pro-independence party Partai Nasional Indonesia when it was founded in 1927 He opposed imperialism and capitalism because he thought both systems worsened the life of Indonesian people He also hoped that Japan would commence a war against the Western powers and that Java could then gain its independence with Japans aid He was arrested in 1929 by Dutch colonial authorities and sentenced to two years in prison By the time he was released he had become a popular hero He was arrested several times during the 1930s and was in jail when Japan occupied the archipelago in 1942 Sukarnos vision for the 1945 Indonesian constitution comprised the PancasilaIndonesia 5 point state ideology Sukarnos political philosophy was guided by elements of Marxism nationalism and Islam This is reflected in the Pancasila in the order in which he originally espoused them in a speech on June 1 19451 Nationalism with a focus on national unity Internationalism one nation sovereign amongst equals Representative democracy all significant groups represented Social Justice Marxist influenced Theism with a secular bent Sukarno resented his figurehead position and used the increasing disorder to intervene more in the countrys political life Claiming Western-style democracy wasnt suitable for Indonesia he called for a system of guided democracy based on what he called traditional Indonesian principles The Indonesian way of deciding important questions he argued was by way of prolonged deliberation designed to achieve a consensus He proposed a government based not only on political parties but on functional groups composed of the nations basic elements in which a national
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