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There are five major theories of victimization These theories discuss how victims and victimization are major focuses in the study of crime They all share many of the same assumptions and strengths dealing with crime and its victims The five major theories are Victim precipitation Lifestyle Equivalent group hypothesis Proximity hypothesis and Routine activities Victim Precipitation assumes that victims provoke criminals and that victims trigger criminal acts by their provocative behavior 106 According to our text this theory states that the victim initiates the confrontation that might eventually lead to the crime In victim precipitation it can be either passive or active Active precipitation occurs when the victim is the first to attack or encourages the criminal by their actions Passive precipitation can either occur due to personal conflict or when the victim unknowingly threatens or provokes the attacker 95 The strengths that the text point out for this particular theory is that it explains multiple victimizations If people precipitate crime it follows that they will become repeat victims if their behavior persists over time 106 The theories that are more common are the Lifestyle theories that suggest that victims put themselves in danger by engaging in high-risk activities 106 Victimization risk is increased when people have a high-risk lifestyle Placing oneself at risk by going out to dangerous places results in increased victimization 106 This theory explains victimization patterns in the social structure Males young people and the poor have high victimization rates because they have a higher-risk lifestyle than females the elderly and the affluent 106 The lifestyle theories assume that the victim participates in high-risk activities which make them suitable targets for crime The Deviant place theory discusses the fact that crime flourishes in certain places and the odds of victimization increase when people live in the high-crime areas A persons lifestyle increases the exposure to criminal victimization as well as their behavior These theories state that crime is
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