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In October 1966 following the execution of Malcolm X and the ghetto uprising in Watts California two young black men Huey P Newton and Bobby Seale both from Oakland California founded the Black Panther Party for Self Defence The leadership of the party outlined a Ten Point Program articulating the fundamental wants and beliefs of the BPP This manifesto demanded better social and political conditions the right to self-determination an end to police brutality and above all freedom for the black masses These demands were basically identical to those proposed by earlier Civil Rights groups NAACP SNCC UNIA etc Where the Panthers differed however was their proposed implementation of the Ten Point Program Unlike the previous groups the Panthers were prepared to use violence as a method to gain power Throughout this essay I will attempt to justify the Panthers use of violence explain why such tactics were required and examine their effectiveness in implementing changes to the great American order and I will analyse their importance on the African-American population from 1966 to the present At a time when most of the black youth of America were fighting against being left out of the system the Black Panthers were trying to destroy the system entirely Their policy of self-defence gained support and approval from the black community Their Marxist-approach combining Nationalism and Socialism however not known as National Socialism took their inspiration from previous working class and peasant revolutions such as Cuba Algeria and China Third World revolutionary prophets such as Franz Fanon Ho Chi Minh and Mao Tse-tung became the political role models for this generation of angry young Americans The New Left belief that political power grows out of the barrel of a gun not from the bud of a flower became the slogan for the planned revolution of the American youth Section 7 of the Panthers Ton Point Program states that we can end police brutality in
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