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Word Count: 798
It is the executive department of the United States federal government created by Congress in 1870 to assume the functions performed until then by the Office of the Attorney General The department is headed by the attorney general which is appointed by the president with the approval of the Senate The Attorney General is Janet Reno she receives 181 500 a yearThe functions of the department include providing means for the enforcement of federal laws and investigating violations thereof supervising the federal penal institutions furnishing legal counsel in cases involving the federal government and conducting all suits brought before the US Supreme Court in which the federal government is concerned interpreting laws relating to the activities of the other federal departments and rendering legal advice upon request to the president and to cabinet membersThe deputy attorney general and the associate attorney general assist the attorney general Another high-ranking official of the department is the solicitor general who directs all US government litigation in the Supreme Court and who is concerned generally with the conduct of the appellate litigation of the government Assistant attorneys general head most of the divisions of the Justice Department The functions of the department are carried out regionally by US attorneys and US marshals one of each is appointed to the 94 federal judicial districts by the president with the consent of the SenateThe department includes the antitrust civil civil rights criminal environment and natural resources and tax divisions as well as administrative offices The Antitrust Division is charged with the enforcement of the federal antitrust laws and related enactments against industrial and commercial monopolies the most important of these laws are the Sherman Antitrust Act of 1890 and the Clayton Act of 1914 The Civil Division and its seven major branches supervise all matters relating to civil suits and claims involving the US and its departments agencies and officers Among the varied areas of litigation handled by the Civil Division
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