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The Mahavira and the Buddha share the same fundamental beliefs in Karma and dharmahowever their philosophies on how to achieve Nirvana differ greatly Self denialmeditation and enlightenment are the three major ways these two individuals believedhelped to reach Nirvana The Mahavira believed that self denial and meditation were theways to achieving Nirvana when the Buddha believed that enlightenment was the wayIn the Hinduism religion the belief is that a person must obey the law of KarmaKarma refers to all of the actions of a persons life that affect his fate in the next life ToHindus all existence is ranked Humans first then animals plants then objects like rocksand water This is the caste system People who live virtuously earn good Karma and arereborn at a higher level of existence Those who do evil acquire bad Karma and arereborn into suffering Dharma are the religious and moral duties of an individual Theseduties vary according to age class occupation and gender By obeying ones dharma aperson acquires merit for the next life The concepts of Karma and dharma helped insurethe social order by supporting the caste systemAhimsa or non-violence is another key moral principle of Hinduism All peopleand all things are to be respected according to Hindus Mahavira was a reformer thattaught and developed an extreme form of ahimsa He founded Jainism around 500 BCEThis was a new religion that grew out of Hindu tradition His teachings emphasizedmeditation and self denial He did not believe in Karma and dharma and the the cycle ofbeing reborn into another life Reformers like Mahavira rejected Brahmans domination andThe Mahaviras beliefs on reaching Nirvana were through self denial andmeditation His beliefs are taught in the five great vows These vows were 1 I renounce all killing of living beings whether subtle or gross neither2I renounce all vices of lying speech arising from anger or greed or fear3I renounce all taking of anything not given either in a village or a town
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