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After reading pg 63 in the book Computing Ethics and researching the internet Michael Winter notes that as a group the information professions have only recently developed such distinctly modern characteristics of the professions as university training professional associations licensing procedures and codes of ethics1 Even more than librarianship the computing professions can be seen as what Winter and others would characterize as emerging professions Abbott traces the beginnings of the computing profession to World War II2 Others too have noted how quickly computing emerged as a field and as a profession as soon as computer technology was developed it was recognized as marketable useful for individuals at the corporate level and vital for the military Overnight the elements of a profession were in place3 One could also note the apparent vulnerability of some segments of each group to having their services outsourced by their parent organization4 and difficulties in establishing standards for professional recognition5 Computing professionals who are also faced with increasing specialization within the profession have traditionally based their identity in the disciplines of mathematics and engineering6 A 1989 task force of the Association for Computing Machinery now more commonly known simply as ACM declared that Computing sits at the crossroads among the central processes of applied mathematics science and engineering The three processes are of equal-and fundamental-importance in the discipline which is a unique blend of interaction among theory abstraction and design7 Since 1989 however networking and communications technologies have become increasingly integrated into all aspects of contemporary business and professional life and the demand for skilled information technologists has grown exponentially Computing has become much less a back office operation and the backgrounds and experiences of those working in the field have become much more heterogeneous In business government and education many people have attained responsible computing or networking positions with little or no training in the traditional academic disciplines of computing building new careers upon the discovery that they
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