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The Goals of Archeology Although there is little existing evidence of how life once was for ancient people much information can be gathered to create a full picture of what it was once like To discover how it used to be there are three basic goals set by archeologists and other scientists These goals consist of chronology reconstruction and explanation They are set to shed light on cultures and lives that were forgotten so long ago and link them to our own modern lives Chronology is the records that archeologists and historians keep and use to gain a better perspective of time and to which era where each culture is placed Excavations are an important aspect of chronology they are the basis for everything found Excavations reveal the order that and remnants were left in relation to other artifact layers This aids in determining the approximate age of each component of the layers contents However there are other ways to make sure these dates are even more accurate and precise As possible data and other artifacts are found at excavation sites they are sent for laboratory analysis where such methods as carbon dating take place Chronological data is important as it provides information on such things as the spread of technology from one tribe or region to another and how long and what patterns it took to get there Through careful excavating and attention to detail scientists are able to find and fit together what some might say are meaningless shards with no value and discover that it is the missing piece that shows the spread of one culture to another An example of spread of technology and its evolution might be a cylinder seals commonly found in the near east These cylinder seals were first produced around the year 3500 BC in Sumaria These early seals were simple in the beginning They were rather large tubes with decorative engravings ranging in size from
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