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The 1930s were a critical time in United States history America was in the worst depression in history There were two presidents who were in office during this period President Herbert Hoover 1929-1932 and President Franklin D Roosevelt 1932-1948 Both had different views politically particularly when it came to the depression In this paper I will discuss the different views that these two presidents had on the depression and who did what to end the depression I will start with president Hoover Herbert Clark Hoover started his political career as head of the Department of Commerce during president Harding and Coolidges term During this time Hoover became very noticed as a political leader In the year 1928 Hoover ran for the presidency against Alfred E Smith since Coolidge was not seeking re-election Hoover would win the election by a landslide and take a Republican majority in to Congress It would only be less then a year in his term before trouble would strike This trouble was the Wall Street crash of October 1929 The crash would lead the United States into the worst depression in its history Hoover would refuse to enable the resources that the federal government had to save the falling economy The reason for this was to keep his own integrity President Hoover thought that was just a temporary sign of inconsistency in the business world When he saw that this was more serious he would have to take some action to turn the economy around These actions that Hoover took were ineffective and damaging He had made a tax cut in 1930 but it had very little effect The Hawley-Smoot Tariff would create high interest rates and provoked a retaliation from other countries that cut Americas exports in half Hoovers most costly decision was the one he made against the bonus army The bonus army was a pack
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