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Word Count: 499
In the United States abortion laws began to appear in the 1820s which forbid abortion after the fourth month of pregnancy Through the efforts of mostly physicians and doctors the American Medical Association and legislators most abortions were outlawed by 1900 Illegal abortions still frequently occurred though they became less frequent while the Comstock Law came into effect which essentially banned all birth control information and devices By 1965 all fifty states banned abortion with some exceptions such as the following to save the life of the mother in cases of rape and incest or if the fetus was deformedThen groups like the National Abortion Rights Action League and the Clergy Consultation Service on Abortion worked to ease up anti-abortion laws In 1973 in the case of Roe v Wade the Supreme Court declared most existing state abortion laws to be unconstitutional This decision ruled out any legislative interference in the first trimester of pregnancy and placed limits on what restrictions could be passed on abortions in later stages of pregnancyWhile many celebrated the decision others especially in the Roman Catholic Church and in theologically conservative Christian groups opposed the change This is when pro-life and pro-choice groups evolved as the most common reference to the names of the movements one to fight against abortion and the other to fight for abortionEarly opposition to the turning of abortion laws and restrictions included such organizations as the Eagle Forum led by Phyllis Schlafly Today there are many pro-life organizations such as Operation Rescue and Community of Faith which vary in their purpose and strategiesOpposition to abortions has increasingly turned physical and even violent this first happened in the organized blocking of access to abortion clinics organized primarily by Operation Rescue which was founded in 1984 and led by Randall Terry On Christmas Day in 1984 three abortion clinics unfortunately were bombed and those convicted called the bombings a birthday gift for Jesus Within the churches and
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