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The Islamic Civilization contributed many ideas discoveries and inventions contrary to the hostile people who claim that Moslems only took ideas from others The Islamic accomplishments in medicine were remarkable Islamic physicians discovered the value of cauterization and of styptic agents diagnosed cancer of the stomach prescribed antidotes for cases of poisoning and made notable progress in treating diseases for the eyes In addition they recognized the infectious character of bubonic plague pointing out that clothes could transmit it Finally Muslims excelled over all other medieval peoples in the organization of hospitals and in the control of medical practice There were at least thirty-four great hospitals located in the principal cities of Persia Syria and Egypt which appeared to be organized in a strikingly modern fashion Each had wards for particular cases a dispensary and a library The chief physicians and surgeons lectured to the students and graduates examined them and issued licenses to practice Islamic physicists founded the science of optics and drew a number of significant conclusions regarding the theory of magnifying lenses and the velocity transmission and refraction of light Joseph Hell The Arabian Civilization Abu Abdullah Muhammad Ibn Musa also known as al-Khwarizimi is best known for introducing the mathematical concept of Algoritgm to the Islamic civilization He is the greatest mathematician that ever lived Al-Khwarizimi is the founder of Algebra-he not only initiated the subject in a systematic form but also developed it to the extent of giving analytical solutions of linear and quadratic equations He developed in detail trigonometric tables containing the sine function He also developed the calculus of two errors which led him to the concept of differentiation Thomas Arnold The Legacy of Islam The Muslims greatest accomplishment was to unite the geometry of the Greeks with the number science of the Hindus Borrowing what Westerners know as Arabic numerals including the zero from the Hindus Islamic mathematics was able to develop an arithmetic based
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