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The History of Apartheid in South Africa Apartheid was a system employed by the dominantly white government that held the people of Africa apart for over half a century and is only now being uplifted It literally means apartness and that states a lot about the system itself The basis of it was to classify all the different people of Africa into races - of which there were four basic ones White European and Caucasian Black any native African Indian Pakistani and Indian and Coloured A mix of any of the above Furthermore these were sub-divided even more Apartheid officially came into use in 1948 when the National Party came into power by a slim margin but the history of discrimination goes much further back than that to the beginning of the European settlement of South Africa in the 1600s The East India Trading Company set up a post at Cape of Good Hope to supply passing ships with fruits vegetables and meat The post was not meant to be a settlement but those posted there built homes cultivated crops and got settled in The natives of the are understandably disliked strangers invading their land The East India Company tried to keep the tension at a minimum and limited the amount of land the settlers could use and the amount of crops they could grow The amount grown was to be sold to the Company for a low price The settlers did not take that well and resorted to smuggling During the Napoleonic wars the British took over the post as a naval station Although the Dutch had been unhappy under the rule of the East India Company the British turned out to be much worse for them The British had a different language different church and a different way of dealing with the natives Some of the more independent farmers sold their farms and headed further inland battling natives on
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